I follow the Ubuntu Geek blog, and have found some very useful tips there. However, there's a problem with their latest tip, "Howto Check you (sic) external IP Address from the command line."
Some background: There's a very useful website located at whatismyip.com, which reports the IP you used to connect to the site. If you're on a computer behind a router which does NAT (Network Address Translation), you can't find out what your external IP is by issuing commands on the computer. Your computer's address is (for instance) 192.168.1.5, but when traffic reaches the router, the router translates (with NAT) your address to an external IP address, such as 18.104.22.168 (an IP address I just made up).
WhatIsMyIP.com (and other sites like it) sprang up to fill that void, and give you a simple way of finding out what external IP address you're using.
Ubuntu Geek's script fetches the whatismyip.com page with wget, parses it to find the IP address, and prints the IP address.
I tried it on my OS X box, and it didn't work, because wget isn't installed on OS X -- but curl, a similar tool, is.
So I started modifying the script to use curl -- and discovered an interesting comment in the source code to whatismyip.com's page:
<!--Please set your code to scrape your IP from www.whatismyip.com/automation/n09230945.asp Please set your code to hit this page at a REASONABLE pace. For more info, please see our "What's New" page.-->
Hitting that link gets you just your IP address, which has two benefits over Ubuntu Geek's implementation -- it means you have no parsing to do, and it gives a SIGNIFICANTLY lower load to WhatIsMyIP's servers. (It's rude to slam someone else's servers with an automated script -- even though a script that simply fetches a web page once doesn't slam a server, 10,000 people running that script would.)
Here's my take on Ubuntu Geek's BASH script:
#!/bin/bash echo -n "Your external IP Address is: " curl http://www.whatismyip.com/automation/n09230945.asp echo "."
For comparison's here's Ubuntu Geek's original script:
#!/bin/bash echo Your external IP Address is: wget http://Www.whatismyip.com -O - -o /dev/null | grep '' | sed -r 's/WhatIsMyIP.com - //g' | sed -r 's///g' exit 0
Moral of the story? Always look for a simpler way of doing things.